total of 3.5 million people In Spain they a. do not reach the end of the month despite having Work, working poverty increased by approximately 600,000 people between 2020 and 2021 and affects 17.9% Number of people employed, according to the survey of living conditions published by INE this Wednesday. if from the end of great Recession Shortage among workers was a downward reality in the Spanish labor market, with the pandemic breaking that trend and once again causing hardships among an insignificant segment of workers. and the INE data for 2021 does not take into account the impact yet Growth of IPC which is being recorded in this 2022 and what is currently two points (10.2%), its highest level in nearly 40 years. Among the population as a whole, there was a risk of poverty or social exclusion 27.8%,
Working poverty continued to rise in 2021, a year in which interprofessional minimum wage (SMI) remained stable until October, when once divisions within the government were overcome and despite employer disapproval, it rose from 950 euros to 975 euros (in 14 payments). 39.1% of the salaried people admit that they reached the end of the month with great difficulty, with difficulty or with some difficulty. Low pay and, above all, the lack of hours and their intermittent work means that not all employees work a minimum day that ensures them a decent payroll at the end of the month.
Very poor payrolls that allow for extremely bad expenses. One in four workers was unable to go Holidays During the last year due to lack of income. more than one in four employed unexpected expenses Month ruins them completely. And one in 10 people could not afford air conditioning, in summer, or heating, in winter, because they could not afford the bill. We will have to see how this final indicator develops in next year’s survey, given the current rise in electricity and gas prices.
And it is that, despite this uncertainty on the part of employed people, having or not having a job remains a significant difference in terms of quality of life. to the rate of social exclusion unemployed 58.6%, which is three times higher. It is also measured at the level of consumption. The unemployed spend almost twice as much Health, whether dentist, physiotherapist or other specialties are rarely covered by Social Security compared to a busy person. Which has adverse effects on each other’s health. he even spends half transportation or in clothes and shoes According to a family budget survey published this week by INE, more than half go to concerts, theatre, the cinema or go out to eat outside a restaurant.
An expenditure that is going through the current inflation phase starting this year. More families will spend between 500 and 800 euros Due to the increase in CPI, as per the estimates of OCU, Formally spending more, but it gives less and that the purchasing power of salaries is being consumed by that inflation. According to the latest data available for May, wages by agreement . increases at the rate of 2.4%, almost four times below the IPC. lack of Agreement between employers and unions What controls and aligns wage growth threatens to leave the most precarious sectors vulnerable and where workers are less able to negotiate, which in turn threatens to amplify data on working poverty.
working poor and unfinished work
The proliferation of poor workers is a bad claim to fill vacant jobs in sectors that are suffering from labor shortages. The lack of available workers, whether from the hotel industry, the sector or transport, has reiterated in recent weeks and their response from unions is that if workers are not guaranteed to arrive by the end of the month, it is difficult to encourage them to fill those gaps. For.
Thus it indicates ccoo In a report published this Wednesday, it was outlined that “Spain does not have a problem of vacancies or skilled labor, but, on the contrary, of the underdevelopment of the business fabric, which is a problem of the privately-paid 29.2 % and condemns salaried women for working in jobs that require less qualification than what they have”.