Visual guide to elections and government formation in Italy


what is selected

Next Sunday elects Italy I The Chamber’s 400 delegates and the Senate’s 200 senators, a third fewer than those elected in previous elections. Two years ago, a constitutional referendum approved parliament cuts in the context of political dissent in a country that practically goes to the government every year (67 executives in the past 76 years). The deputies and senators will choose the successor to the head of the Council of Ministers, Mario Draghi. This is a position for which polls point to Georgia Meloni, Leader of the Brothers of Italy, a neo-fascist party that aspires to win Sunday’s election with up to 25% of the vote.

Who is running, and why are they in alliance?

The right wing has agreed to form a grand alliance. That they present themselves together is relevant, as the current electoral system favors pre-election coalitions. Why? Because about a third of the seats (37%) are located in regional divisions called single member unions. There are 147 clauses in which deputies are appointed by the majority system: only one candidate is chosen, the most voted, therefore unilateral. talks between Meloni, Matthew Salvini (league) and silvio berlusconi (Forza Italia) has given rise to the most right-wing coalition in Italian republican history.

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All three parties present common candidates, so all votes from the right will likely go to the candidate decided in this alliance, while those from the left will be scattered among different candidates. Thus, the Meloni–Salvini–Berlusconi axis is likely to win the majority of these seats (It is estimated that up to 90%), Triad also agrees that, if it is put in the electionThe party with the most votes will be the party proposing the prime minister.

Opposition to the Right Wing Coalition is a Fractured Left Led by the Former Prime Minister Enrico Lettaof the Democratic Party (PD). Letta leads a small coalition made up of a large number of parties that have not agreed to join forces with the 5-Star Movement due to the role of this anti-system party in the fall of the Draghi government. M5S won the last election, but the mutation and the distribution of a hundred MPs Their existence is in danger.

The remaining seats, the other two thirds (63%) are elected according to a proportional system: the votes received by the parties in the entire national region are counted and the resulting percentages are applied in the distribution of seats that correspond to each constituency. . A small quota of MPs is set aside to be elected by the residents of the foreign country.

How do Italians choose?

The voter will receive two ballots, a pink in which he will elect his representatives to the Chamber of Deputies, and a yellow one in which he will do the same for the Senate of the Republic. The form of the election is the same between the two, they simply change the number of MPs and the territorial scope in which the seats are distributed.

Voters have to make two decisions. On the one hand, which candidate is elected to the Uninominal College (governed by the majority system). On the other hand, which party is chosen for the national vote.

With pen and ballot paper in hand, three options are presented to the voter.

  • You can only mark the logo of the party. The list submitted by the constitution is counted as one vote. It is also counted as the vote of the candidate of the Uninominal College. The paradox may be that the candidate the party supports is not a politician of its formation, due to the distribution made in the coalition talks.
  • You can mark the name of the candidate only. In that case, his vote is given to the party that represents him, or distributed proportionally among the coalition groups that support him.
  • You can mark one candidate name and one party name. Votes must be coherent: electing a candidate and a party that does not support it is not allowed to distribute votes: in this case, it is considered a void vote.

government formation

it’s about Transalpine country to vote in autumn for first time since 1919As a result of the progress of the election. If the right-wing coalition gets the expected good results, then the task will become easier for the President of the Republic, sergio matarella, in charge of investigating political groups until he finds a candidate to hand over government formation. The elected person is required to gain the confidence of MPs in the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate due to a bicameral system, which has actually created obstructions and instability such as this time led to early elections. Here are the results of the last election.

The formation of coalition governments has not traditionally been an obstacle for Italian parties. The difficult part is maintaining the confidence of Parliament for more than a year.

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