With this, the campaign for all five states (UP, Punjab, Goa, Manipur and Uttarakhand) has officially concluded. The results will be announced on March 10.
Held under the shadow of the Covid pandemic, the campaign began under tight restrictions imposed by the Election Commission that were relaxed in later phases as infections eased across India.
Can bjp repeat his feat of 2017 in UP?
With the campaign drawing to a close, BJP Chairman JP Nadda and Union Home Minister Amit Shah exuded confidence that the saffron party will form the government in UP, as well as in the other three states of Goa, Uttarakhand and Manipur. The leaders stated that the party will also make impressive gains in Punjab.
In the 2017 elections, the BJP had achieved a historic victory in UP: it won 312 of the 403 seats in the assembly with a vote share of almost 40 percent.
This was the best performance by the BJP in Uttar Pradesh since it entered the electoral contest in the state in 1980.
A phased mapping of the 2017 results shows how the color saffron dominated the UP electoral landscape after the previous elections. In the first phase alone, the party won a whopping 91% of the seats that went to the polls in 2017.
Therefore, the challenge facing the BJP in UP is not only to retain status but to match its historical performance of 2017.
Furthermore, for BJP it is also a personal challenge as no UP Prime Minister has been re-elected since 1985.
high voltage battle
The noisy election campaign of the past two months saw high-profile faces such as Prime Minister Narendra Modi, UP Prime Minister Yogi Adityanath, Samajwadi Party chief Akhilesh Yadav, and Congress Secretary General Priyanka Gandhi. touring the state to attract voters.
From mega roadshows to hybrid rallies, leaders went to great lengths as they tried to win voter support in the numerically important state.
The campaign in the last phase reached its crescendo with Prime Minister Narendra Modi leading the BJP’s electoral blitzkrieg in Varanasi and its adjoining districts.
Seeking to nullify anti-entitlement, the ruling BJP raised issues such as forced migration and public order issues during the previous Samajwadi Party government.
BJP leaders branded their rivals “dynasts” and their leading activists warned that mafia elements, imprisoned by Yogi Adityanath’s government, would be left out if the SP form his government.
As well as highlighting the achievements of “twin engine” governments, the BJP has also been recalling the free distribution of rations to the poor with Prime Minister Narendra Modi livening up the campaign by mixing an allegory of salt into his speech, to cleverly highlight salt correlation. with loyalty
Meanwhile, Samajwadi Party chief Akhilesh Yadav has been targeting the BJP government over inflation, unemployment, the threat of stray cattle and farmers’ agitation against the three farm bills, and his speeches are peppered with gunshots. to the chief minister, Yogi Adityanath.
The logging of four farmers in Lakhimpur Kheri has also been highlighted by all opposition parties, as Union Minister Ajay Mishra’s son Ashish Mishra is a defendant in the case.
Congress Secretary General Priyanka Gandhi Vadra appealed to voters with the ‘ladki hoon, lad sakti hoon’ campaign on issues related to women and their safety, and questioned the rampant religion and caste politics of the past three decades .
Marginally lower turnout
Based on data collected after the first six phases, UP this year has seen a slightly lower voter turnout at 60.63% compared to 61% for the same seats in 2017.
The general participation of the UP in 2017 was 61.24%, a figure higher than that registered in 2012.
However, the figures could change depending on the participation figures of the seventh phase on March 7.
Until now, the second phase, on February 14, saw the highest participation with 64.4%.
A similar trend was reported in most other states that went to the polls last month.
The four states of Punjab, Uttarakhand Goa and Manipur saw a drop in turnout in 2022 compared to five years ago.
While the difference is negligible in Uttarakhand, Punjab saw a huge drop of 5.4 percentage points.
(With contributions from agencies)