The government is shying away from pressing its anti-crisis button.


six months later labor reformThe government has barely implemented one of its most recent figures: red system, This device was presented as a successor Temporary Employment Regulation Files (ERTE) Covid . By It covered many companies with problems during the worst phase of the pandemic. But RED has so far been implemented in the travel agency sector only. And no new cases are expected.

This despite the fact that the literal Article 47 bis of conditions of workers In theory, would fit with exceptional economic condition of Spain as a result of the war in Ukraine. The legal text proposes this formula as a priority option for reducing working hours or suspending contracts – not in vain. This figure is described as flexibility and stabilization of employment – in crisis situations, in demand. The combination of cyclical changes and changes of the productive model at the regional level, apart from labor market fluctuations.

The government rejects it.

However, a spokesman for the Ministry of Labor is blunt: “No plans to use RED in any other area yet”, When hostilities broke out in the east, in Catalonia there were voices like the Secretary General of the CCOO, Javier PachecoWho demanded extension of means to protect the companies.

But the executive waited for the development of events and took refuge in good labor market data. Indeed, employment and affiliation figures, which coincide with the summer season, have served as a counterweight, at least numerically. rise in inflation This is putting pressure on the pockets of companies and citizens.

Minister of Labor and Social Economy, Yolanda Diaz / EP

And after summer?

Despite the fact that sectors such as fuel, motor vehiclemachinery manufacturing and Production agricultural food Faced with pre-recession economic impacts, employment behavior paints a general picture with figures already similar to those before the outbreak of the pandemic. The government is based on these figures to delay any application of a painful measure, despite yesterday’s approval. new anti-crisis plan Focuses on vulnerable families.

“We now live in a moment of some sweetness. We come from a very difficult two-year pandemic that we are starting to leave behind and that coincides with summer, a time for more activity in the tertiary sector. But The war in Ukraine will have long-term effects that we won’t start seeing for a few months. The key will be what will happen in the fall,” he says. David Aldereguialegal director of Yoga Vahita,

government regulation

Now, Aldereguia believes it look for flexibility This will be done through ERTE, whether due to economic and organizational reasons or due to some force majeure, and not through the red mechanism. The reason is simple: a second means is needed. government support Unlike ERTE.

And not only from Moncloa, but also the shared approval of the Ministries of Labour, Economic Affairs and Inclusion, following a report by the Official Representative Commission for Economic Affairs. This operation leaves the key to coverage in the hands of the political power and undermines the decision-making ability of companies.

“Complex” execution

“This situation complicates its execution”the lawyer says David Isaac Garcia, managing partner of the firm Sagardoy It also recalls that RED requires “compulsory qualification schemes for the affected workers, and not just voluntary and subsidized in the case of ERTE”.

Another disincentive from the business point of view that adds to the government’s conflicting messages. Despite the fact that in March network background With resources from Social Security, which, according to the executive, were meant to ensure “imminent” admission of the new device, for the time being switch The anti-crisis is still untouched. This is not expected in the short term.

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