Rosh Hashanah: Why do Jews celebrate this Sunday as the coming of the year 5783?


  • The Hebrew community celebrates the new year with ten days of repentance and prayer until the holy Yom Kippur is reached

Shana Towa Umetuka (Happy and Sweet Years): With these three words, Jews celebrate this Sunday the arrival of the year 5783, The date in which according to the Hebrew tradition God created the world in six days to rest the seventh.

religious holiday Sunday night begins and ends Tuesday sunset To give way to a convention in which Jews around the world work to examine their conscience and correct the wrongs made in the year that is ending. It is a period of repentance and reflection that lasts for 10 days and ends with Yom Kippur, Holy Day of Forgiveness, the afternoon of Wednesday, October 5.

each rage (new year) is an occasion Reform, be reborn and change the course of life, Jews say they finalize preparations for the festival in which women light candles in their homes yom tovi Blessing to welcome this 5783. It is at this time that family and friends wish each other leshanah tova tiktev vetechtem (for a good year).

According to the Jews, the Hebrew calendar begins counting the years from the creation of the world, 5783 years ago. before the world we live According to some interpreters of this tradition, there were others who were disappearing.

and in the background in the synagogues during these solemn days, the sound of shofar, same as advertised in Jerusalem Temple Uriel Macias, co-author of Elena Romero, explains that events such as the coronation of the king ‘Jews of Europe. 2000 years legacy (Anaya). It is a type of trumpet which is made of ram’s horn, whose sound is the central and most important sermon of the festival and Invites people to awaken their conscience to facilitate repentance and return to the path marked by God.

During Rosh Hashanah, Jewish tables are filled with food that symbolizes Sweetness, blessings and abundance. pull (breaded bread) is spread in honey, and then, on the first night, a slice of apple is eaten, also bathed in this sweet liquid of bees. Fish or ram’s head, made from dates, leeks, Swiss chard, pomegranates, carrots or pumpkin The diet of these days with which a year is expected to begin Make it “sweet as honey”.

The liturgical year begins with these two “gracious days” dedicated to repentance and penance. (Tesuba) which usually falls in September and sometimes in early October, According to the Hebrew calendar, which moves at a different rate from the Gregorian, since the months begin on the new moon and last for 29 or 30 days, the year is solar and usually consists of 12 months. “To recover offset between solar years (365.25 days) and a year with 12 lunar months (354 days), some leap years have 13 instead of 12 months,” explains Macias.

Jews on this Sunday. welcome to the month of Tishri and Fire Alluli,

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During Rosh Hashanah, “God judges the actions of those who will be rewarded or punished in the coming year according to His judgment,” said Uriel Macias in his book, which explains that there is always hope to avoid condemnation. has an aura. since until Yom Kippur It is possible to avoid punishment if one repentes and dedicates himself to prayer.

it’s ok yom kippur Most Holy Holidays in the Jewish Calendar And with this ends the ten days of penance that began with Rosh Hashanah. It is a fasting day dedicated to seeking forgiveness from God and repairing the damage done. Religious services in the synagogue begin with prayer Kaal Nidre Kaal Nidre to request annulment of the sentence for unfulfilled wishes and closes again with the unmistakable sound of the sofar, the sign of God, according to Torah Or the holy book of Hebrews.

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