The original name of this section of the Rambla was San José, as a result of the old convent of Carmelitas Descalzos de San José, built in 1560. The name Rambla de las Flores was due to the fact that, from the 19th century onwards, some nomadic stalls selling flowers began to proliferate in this place, which were acquired by women when they left shopping and Who had some loose change left.
Over time, small wooden stalls were built so that vendors could store the daily utensils and not have to transport them.
This is how they became fixed, after the construction of primitive fixed stops, which determined that the citizens recognized the area as Rambla de las Flores.
The stop was modernized and the name of the entire walk was capitalised. Nowadays, especially since the beginning of the 21st century, thanks to the cooperation of the city council, the area can revert to its original name of San José (Saint Josep), because unfortunately the flower stalls for citizens and tourists are missing. are gone.
Its location begins in Carmen and Portaferissa streets and ends in Pla de la Boqueria, a location that for many years divided the promenade in two. Despite being a fairly small place, this is an area of Ramblas with a very long history.
The urbanization plan for this part of the Rambla was carried out by the engineer Pedro Martín Sermano, who began building it in 1770 and was not completed until 1776.
The total disagreement between the city council and the landowners, who saw the width of the promenade as exaggerated, causing them to lose a considerable number of meters of their plots, was a cause for dispute and an indirect reason for the Palau de la official line of its urbanization. A few meters behind the virrina is being constructed.
Manuel d’Amat i Juniente, Marquis of Castelbel living in America, the owner of the land, decided to return to Spain and build a house on a spot on the new promenade, convinced it was the perfect place to live on his return. Was.
He hired Josep Ribes to design a mansion in the French Baroque style, although always under his supervision.
This arrogant character imposed on his decisions led him to blunders that led to his dismissal from his posts in America.
Delays in deciding the final width of the Rambla prompted them to hire master builder Josep Ausch i Meir, who, in collaboration with Carles Grau and sculptor Francesc Serra, began its construction two years before final approval.
To know this place, we first need to know that it was occupied by the old convent of San José, founded in the 16th century by Juan de Jess Roca (Santa Teresa de vila and a personal friend of San Juan). was created on the initiative. de la Cruz).
It was the first convent of the Barefoot Carmelites in the city, having received the right from Felipe II to build a small wooden church, which was inaugurated on January 25, 1586. Later, it was built out of stone from the old fortifications of the south gate. The city, whose chapel was not built in 1680.
The first market was to visit and was located in Llano de la Boqueria. Later, between 1797–1801, it was also located on the Rambla de San José, from the Church of Belén to the Llano de la Boqueria.
In 1802, on the occasion of a visit by Carlos IV and his family to Barcelona for baby weddings from Spain and Naples, Carlos IV had to travel with Ramblas and the city council decided to relocate the butchers and fishermen. The garden of the convent of San Jose, in order to hide them from the emperor’s eyes and thus to avoid the stench coming their way.
In 1826 the Marquis of Campo Sagrado ordered the first to regulate the traveling market, installing wooden boxes arranged in rows between the church of Belén and the house of the false. The cost of the works should be satisfied by the occupation of the barracks and the use of scales.
In 1835, on the occasion of the demolition of the convent of San Jose, Plaça del Trebol was built on the site of the convent, which was surrounded by the portico (these are the buildings and the portico we can see today).
Its purpose was to locate the shops in the center of the quadrangular square and as a setting for festive celebrations, keeping the fisherman separate from the rest to avoid the bad smell.
The project could not be completed due to the volume of merchants and the small size of the class, making it impossible to develop both aspects, so it was decided to postpone the project.
Once the problem was studied, the council decided to leave the space as a fixed market.
On March 19, 1840, San Jose, construction work began on the roof to protect the market in weather conditions.
Two of its artists who made this part of the Ramblas more famous in his time were Alexandre Sirisi i Peliser, historian, writer, politician and art critic with the phrase: “La Rambla de las Flores is the quintessence of Barcelona, its changing Beauty is conspicuous in all seasons of the year”.
During the 19th century it was the only place in the city where flower bouquets were sold day and night.
The other artist was undoubtedly the Impressionist painter Ramon Casas, who found his best model for his pictorial creations on Ramblas.