About 66 million years ago an asteroid hit the Earth. Chicxulub struck Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, and more than 70 percent of animals, including non-avian dinosaurs, pterosaurs and ammonites, became extinct, reports Uppsala University in Sweden.
Although many people always believed that it was a meteorite that hit the Earth and caused the dinosaurs to disappear, the truth is that it was an asteroid, which is not the same. What is the difference between them?
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Difference between asteroid or meteorite?
NASA explains An asteroid is a rocky object smaller than a planet.that revolves around the sun, while a meteoroid is a fragment of an asteroid strikeWhich comes to earth in the form of a rock. That being said, meteorites are much smaller than asteroids, which is why they differ from each other.
How many meteorites have fallen on earth because of the difference being clear? According to a study by researchers from the University of Manchester and Imperial College published in ‘Geology’, The number of meteorites that impact Earth is approximately 17,000 per year.
Why didn’t they destroy the earth? NASA clarifies that they are not large enough to cause the extinction of humanity. However, all meteorites and asteroids moving through space are studied daily, so that time can be controlled and possible tragedies can be avoided if one of these elements collides with another.
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How many meteorites fell in Colombia?
Official records from the International Society for Meteorite and Planetary Science state that At least three meteorites have affected the country: The first was in 1810 in Santa Rosa de Viterbo (Boyaca), the next was presented in 2006 in the Tatacoa Desert (Huila), and then another in 2007 in Cali (Valle del Cauca).
Santa Rosa de Viterbo (Boyaca)
One Holy Saturday in 1810, Cecilia Corridor found a meteorite near the city on Tocavita hillAccording to the report of the International Society for Meteorites.
The item was transferred to the urban center of Santa Rosa di Viterbo. However, during the presidency of Rafael Reyes Prieto, The meteorite was brought to the capital and split in twoAccording to the main page of the Arolito di Santa Rosa de Viterbo, the first was kept in the National Museum of Colombia and the second was left in foreign museums.
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The National Museum of Colombia is established in 1823, and its first acquisition corresponds to the meteorite found in Santa Rosa de Viterbo, Boyacá.
The meteorite fragment was found on a field trip by students of the National University. #lost museum pic.twitter.com/qSJh7Ck45O
— Laura Calderón (@LauraCalderón56) September 5, 2018
Even then, the second piece was divided into more pieces According to the article 200 Years After the Fall of the Santa Rosa de Viterbo meteorites, which are currently preserved at the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, the National University of Colombia, the Sergio Arboleda University and the La Salle University.
Cali Valle del Cauca)
On July 6, 2007, Residents of the center of the valley claimed to have seen a ball of fire in the sky, Although at first they didn’t know what it was about, The media reported that a meteorite impacted about 500,000 Valle del Cauca residents.According to an article in ‘El Pais’.
After four o’clock in the afternoon A loud explosion was seen in the sky of Valle del Cauca that disturbed the ears of many residents Joe was stunned, wondering what that flash of light was.
Members of the Union of Amateur Astronomers of Cali, Antares assured Accumulating evidence points to the fact that it was a meteorite who had fallen to earth.
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effectively, meteorite broke into several parts: The first was found on July 9 in the Laureano Gomez neighborhood in eastern Cali. The second was found on July 10 in a house located in the Antonio Nariño neighborhood and the third on July 13 near the sites where the other two fireballs were found, meteorite hunter Mike Farmer commented in his history.
Tatacoa Desert, (Huila)
Not much is known about this fact, but It was in 2006 when a meteorite hit the Tatacoa Desert, Huila, A loud noise shook the residents, who at first assured that it was about a struggle between criminal gangs.
However, local officials said that public order was completely peaceful and no clashes were reported. Later, several residents started calling different media and confirmed that there was a loud noise from the sky, said ‘Caracol Radio’ that year.
The meteorite disintegrated in the air and some pieces fell on the earth., The meteorite was studied at the National University of Colombia and the result was that it was a metal meteorite, smaller than the palm of the hand, confirmed the experts of the said educational unit.
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