Cardiovascular check-up is necessary from the age of 40 to prevent the risk of heart attack
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in Spain. In 2020died in spain 119,853 People for this reason, according to data published by the National Institute of Statistics. Of these deaths, 13,927 were due to acute myocardial infarctionWhich has become the leading cause of death for men and women in most of the countries around the world.
Acute myocardial infarction is a myocardial necrosis that occurs when there is a complete blockage of blood flow in the coronary arteries -reduction of blood supply to the heart muscle-, leading to the death of cells in the affected area. is one medical emergency He requires immediate attention Because the risk of death or serious complications is higher in the short term.
Anyone can have a heart attack, however, not everyone is at the same risk. Genetic factors, lifestyle and environmental conditions largely determine the likelihood of suffering an acute myocardial infarction.
But there are also situations, conditions or personal circumstances that increase the chances of having a heart attack, they are called risk,
As explained by Dr. Eduardo Alegría, head of the Interventional Cardiology Unit at Hospital Ruber International, these risk factors include age, gender, and family history. “As we age, the risk of heart attack increases. Men over the age of 45 and women over the age of 55 have aare more likely to have an acute cardiac event compared to young men and women. To prevent the risk of heart attack, it is important to have a cardiovascular check-up from the age of 40”, he explains.
In addition, there are other risk factors such as smoking, eating foods rich in fat, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, being overweight or diabetes, as well as a sedentary lifestyle and stress, which mark the possibility of a heart attack. Huh. Myocardium. “All of these well-controlled factors can significantly reduce the incidence of acute myocardial infarction,” Dr. Alegria warns.
When symptoms do appear, the risk of death or serious complications is high in the short term and the effectiveness of treatment will depend on the time that elapses from the onset of symptoms until it is administered.
Head of the Interventional Cardiology Unit, Hospital Ruber International,
According to the Spanish Heart Foundation (FEC), an avoidable cardiovascular risk factor can be identified in 90% of heart attacks. For this reason, Dr. Eduardo Alegria stresses the importance of Change behavior and lifestyle To avoid this and do not develop cardiovascular diseases. “The moderate physical activity It helps prevent myocardial infarction”, confirms the cardiologist.
For this expert, reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and myocardial infarction begins with proper personal risk assessmentCorrect communication to the patient about the implications of the identified risk levels and treatment according to the particularities of each patient’s profile.
Symptoms of a heart attack appear suddenly: sharp chest pain, which makes breathing difficult, radiating to the left arm, strong pressure in the precordial region, general malaise, dizziness, nausea, and cold sweat. “When symptoms appear, the risk of death or serious complications is high in the short term and the effectiveness of the treatment will depend on the time that elapses from the onset of symptoms to the time it is administered,” stressed Dr. Eduardo Alegría.
The cardiology unit of Hospital Ruber International and Ruber Internacional Centro Medico Habana has a team of highly qualified specialists dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases with the most advanced techniques of modern cardiology, so that these heart attacks can be treated early Can go Those who need immediate revascularization, to open up the blocked artery and provide all the blood flow the heart needs for proper functioning.
“We have cardiac rehabilitation programs that promote recovery of heart function and physical capacity after a cardiac event. They are structured training programs that last several months – usually two – and are adjusted to each patient’s heart. They increase survival after a cardiac event”, the doctor concluded.