Is it still necessary to have antivirus?

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Antivirus software business is expected to grow to $4.3 billion by 2025.

Half a century ago, the first computer antivirus program in history was: cutter (mower), to deal with Lata (Bell), first virus, Since then, threats have evolved as technology has entered our daily lives. Antiviruses have tried to adapt to the challenges to come, but their level of complexity makes it necessary that users cannot just delegate a security tool, but have to actively play a role and be careful while using their tools. Measures have to be taken. “Many people think that paying for antivirus will automatically protect them, but it doesn’t have to be. By not investing in it, they are going to be safe,” says Josh Bruni, Digital Forensics and Marshall University (West Virginia, USA) Professor.

Angela García Valdés, a cybersecurity technician for citizens at the National Institute of Cyber ​​Security (INCIBE), insists that antivirus should be “on all our devices, even on smart TVs”.smart TV)”, although agrees that “this does not mean that we have everything insured. We have to continue to use the Internet securely and responsibly.” This responsible use includes hard-to-guess passwords, two-factor authentication where it can be activated, Downloading apps only from official stores (Play Store and App Store depending on the operating system) and avoid accessing untrusted web pages.

Cybersecurity expert and computer court expert Javier Tobal explains, “Antivirus is going to solve problems that aren’t complex attacks, but if it eliminates a simple virus that might one day make you cringe, then it’s going to be a great solution.” should already be installed.” “How much effort do you need to install antivirus? It takes two seconds,” he insists.

However, some experts, such as Josh Brunti, believe that systems that include software companies out of the box, such as Windows Defender, are sufficient when additional security measures are taken, so installing third-party antiviruses is not necessary, and paying much less. version, because the threats have evolved so much that it is really necessary to understand them.

companies of software Antivirus defends that their products “provide additional layers of protection for those who possess the operating system itself”, as explained by Josep Albers, director of research and awareness for computer security company ESET in Spain. “They always give you the possibility to buy one for a fee; it will be there for a reason…”, he suggests. This extended version is usually in the same language and from the same country at almost no time to get technical support. Albers laments: “This service is rarely valued until something happens.”

Brunti warns that, by requesting the services of an antivirus, “you can mimic what you already have, something that’s already integrated (as in the case of Defender), at least if it’s fine. is active”. However, Albers raises what happens to devices that are specific to the system and which are used by attackers to achieve their objectives: “These are not malware Or viruses, are tools that Windows itself has, for example, and are used in many attacks, more and more every day. How do you detect it? With Defender, no, but with analysis tools and malicious functions detection”. And he adds: “It’s probably much easier for an attacker to bypass a system integrated into the operating system than with third parties specializing in cybersecurity.” compared to the system.”

Europe is the second region with the largest antivirus market shareResearch and Markets.com report “Global Antivirus Software Market 2021: COVID-19 Growth and Change”. is expected to increase to $4,300 million. According to a study by Security.orgOf course, American households who pay for antivirus software outnumber households with more than 10 million installed free versions. The same company estimates that 8.9% of users with the free version experienced some malware In 2021, while this figure was 7.4% of those paying.

According to the same study, three out of four users in the US continue to use antivirus despite the fact that more and more software companies offer the service, such as Microsoft. For Javier Tobal, this technology comes out very well in independent analysis of antivirus services “just like the MacBook. The nice thing about it is you activate it and forget about it and it doesn’t work for others.” Doesn’t offer much less protection in comparison.

Valdes recalls that antiviruses “provide many more services: they work as firewalls, they include filters. anti spam, Optimize computer performance, some have web addresses analyzed, and even have parental control tools. So, every user has to see what they want or need”.

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