In recent months, many people have begun to prioritize the health of their heart. Amid a surge in cases of heart disease and heart attacksit is important to know exactly what negatively affects the heart and what can be done to keep it healthy.
Dr. Ganesh Nallur Shivu, Senior Interventional Cardiologist at Kauvery Hospitals Electronic City, Bengaluru, addresses eight important aspects of heart health and what people absolutely must know. keep reading
1. What is heart failure?
The function of the heart is to pump blood to all parts of the body, including vital organs like the brain, kidneys, etc. When the heart does not provide enough blood supply to these organs, it is called heart failure, says the doctor.
2. What are the symptoms and signs?
Common symptom They are shortness of breath with walking or other activities, swelling in the legs or abdomen, fatigue, and lack of energy.
3. Who can have heart failure?
According to Dr Shivu, heart failure it usually occurs in patients with a history of heart attacks, angioplasty, or coronary artery bypass grafting. Long-term uncontrolled high blood pressure and diabetes can also lead to heart failure.
“Heart failure can also occur in young patients after a viral illness and this is called viral myocarditis or in patients with rheumatic heart disease (valvular disease causing heart failure).”
4. What are the common tests performed for diagnosis?
The doctor usually performs an ECG, an echocardiogram, and blood tests. The echocardiogram is an ultrasound examination of the heart that helps determine its functional capacity (generally expressed as left ventricular ejection fraction) and also the function of the different valves of the heart (mitral, aortic, tricuspid and pulmonary).
Blood tests are done to look for other causes that could mimic heart failure, such as anemia, kidney failure, liver failure, and thyroid problems. After heart failure is diagnosed, your doctor may consider performing a coronary angiogram to look for blockages in your arteries.
5. What is the treatment?
The doctor will prescribe drugs to remove excess fluid (diuretics or diuretics) and other drugs to help restore heart function (ACE inhibitors, AT2 antagonists and beta blockers).
6. What are the other treatment options?
Your doctor may consider treating the cause of your heart failure. This may include coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass grafting, and valve replacement. There are also special types of pacemakers (cardiac resynchronization therapy), which improve the symptoms and prognosis of patients. In extreme cases, left ventricular assist devices and heart transplantation will be considered.
7. What should patients do to help themselves?
* The patient must make sure to take the prescribed medications.
* They should engage in regular exercise such as walking after consulting with their doctor.
* They should reduce their daily intake of salt.
* They should restrict the amount of fluid intake per day as suggested by the doctor.
* They should follow up regularly with their doctor to make sure there has been no deterioration in their heart function.
* They should seek urgent medical help if their symptoms worsen.
8. What is the prognosis?
“The forecast of heart failure it can be worse than some types of cancer. Therefore, it is very important to ensure that patients receive prompt treatment and follow their doctor’s advice to improve long-term prospects, “concludes the doctor.