February 8, 2022
Women infected with COVID-19 have a higher chance of complications during pregnancy than women who are not infected, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health He says.
The researchers found that women with moderate to severe infection were more likely to need a cesarean delivery, deliver prematurely, die during childbirth, or experience postpartum hemorrhage or an infection other than COVID-19, according to a news release. from the NIH. They are also more likely to lose their pregnancy or have a baby die during the neonatal period.
Women with mild or asymptomatic infection did not experience these pregnancy risks. Five women in the study died and tested positive for COVID.
The study was published Monday in the Journal of the American Medical Association. It looked at 14,104 pregnant people at 17 US hospitals, with 2,352 of the women testing positive for COVID. Of the women with COVID, 80% tested positive in the third trimester, 17.6% in the second trimester, and 2.3% in the first trimester.
The babies were born between March 1 and December 31, 2020, before COVID vaccines were widely available.
“The findings underscore the need for women of childbearing age and pregnant women to get vaccinated and take other precautions to avoid becoming infected with SARS-CoV-2,” said Diana Bianchi, MD, director of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Children’s Health. from the NIH. Health and Human Development, in a press release. “This is the best way to protect pregnant women and their babies.”
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. COVID vaccine recommended for people who are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to get pregnant now, or who might become pregnant in the future.
In a separate NIH-funded study, researchers found that getting vaccinated against COVID-19 did not reduce the chances of conception in about 2,000 couples in the study.
However, the study found that COVID infection may be linked to a short-term reduction in fertility in men, according to an NIH Press release.
The researchers questioned 2,000 women from December 2020 to November 2021.
“Our study shows for the first time that COVID-19 vaccination in either partner is not related to fertility among couples trying to conceive through intercourse,” said Amelia Wesselink, MD, who led the study. research team from the Boston University School of Public Health, in the statement. break free. “Time to pregnancy was very similar regardless of vaccination status.”