Salvadoran President Naib Bukele, It did not take him long to reply to the letter signed by V.Several former Ibero-American presidents, in which he openly criticizes him for his intention to stand for re-election, something that his country’s constitution prohibits. A decision that the letter’s signers describe as a “change in constitutional order” that “seriously” affects Salvadoran democracy.
On his Twitter account, the unofficial and official channel to which he is supposed to communicate his decisions, Bukele referred to the letter as “signed by corrupt people, robbers and some of them, even murderers”. To which he further added, that the signatories “all hate their people. I would be very worried if I got your support. Thank God, it is not so,” he said.
A letter signed by corrupt, robbers and some of them, even murderers.
Everyone hated his people.
I would be very worried if I got your support. Thank god, it is not so. https://t.co/U4fPUQXWMJ
— nayibbukele (@nayibbukele) 22 September 2022
The announcement by Salvador’s president last week to coincide with the celebration of independence has provoked many reactions both inside and outside the country, which has been in a state of emergency since last March to combat gang violence. Since then it has made more than 50,000 arrests – many NGOs and family members have condemned the arbitrary arrests.
One of these responses from overseas is the letter, made public this Wednesday by the Idea Foundation (Spain and America’s Democratic Initiative), which includes nearly a hundred politicians and leaders from Ibero-America, including two former Spanish presidents (Felipe González and José María Aznar).
OAS instant analysis
In the text, former presidents urged the Secretary-General organization of american states (OAS), louis almagroTo “promptly analyze” the issue, with the necessary resources, to “promote the normalization of democratic institutions” in El Salvador.
signatories justify their request Article 88 of the Constitution of El Salvador, which enshrines the principle of “variability in the exercise of the presidency of the republic” proclaimed by the Declaration of Santiago de Chile, adopted by the member states of the OAS in 1959.
The Salvadoran Magna Carta also points to such an article as a constitutional mandate, as well as, “the lack of knowledge of the President, who has expired his term, intends to remain in office”, as well as prohibiting it. Is the re-election of people who have served more than six months to the role of president.
However, the Idea Foundation supports the resolution of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights following a similar request from the Colombian government—which asked about the possibility of establishing re-election in the country.
“In a representative democracy it is essential that the exercise of power be subject to rules, which are pre-determined and known in advance by all citizens,” the court’s motion said, according to IDEA.
“To that extent, the democratic process requires certain rules that limit the power of the majority expressed in elections to protect minorities. Therefore, the rules for access to the exercise of power cannot be temporarily modified without limitation by those exercising political power,” he said.
Among the signatories to the letter are former leaders such as Argentina’s Mauricio Macri, Colombian Andrés Pastrana, Mexicans Felipe Calderón and Vicente Fox, Spanish Jose María Aznar and Uruguayan Julio María Sanguinetti.
Nayib Bukele, the youngest president in El Salvador’s recent history, was elected with an overwhelming majority in the first round in 2019. At present, the ‘bucalismo’ also dominates the parliament, which gives it almost full power, Controversial in its own way, a victim of violence for decades, it has great popularity among the population.
His iron control over all powers has also inspired him to try Silent journalists and non-governmental media Those who have conducted the investigation in which his alleged interaction with the gang has been exposed. According to one of these media, ‘Al Faro’, The massacre that led to the imposition of an emergency system was the result of a breach of agreement between the gang and the government. president always the existence of these or other negotiations is denied During this stint with the gang or when he was mayor of San Salvador.
Last December, the United States Treasury Department imposed sanctions against two Bukele government officials for participating in negotiations with the Mara Salvatrucha and Barrio 18 gangs to reduce the number of murders.