The economic recovery seen in 2021 after the most severe attacks of the pandemic, paradoxically, did not translate into an improvement in working conditions compared to 2019.
Despite the fact that the working population in metropolitan Lima in the last quarter (June, July and August) comprised 5 million 15 thousand 400 people – up from 1.7% that was seen in the same period of 2019 – the number of people drowned According to the most recent report of the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI), unemployment is 2 million 155 thousand 600 people (+23.4%).
It is worth emphasizing that underemployment includes those who work less than 35 hours a week (visible unemployment) or who work unsafe, over-hours (invisible) in every sense of the labor regulatory framework, despite the reference minimum income. receive less than
more families affected
With erratic employment growth, substantial employment declines were witnessed, which lost 325,100 workers as of August, and a universe of 2 million 859 thousand 900 people (-10.2% as of 2019).
In this group, it can be confirmed that there is a higher presence of females under this modality (see infographic).
In concrete terms, 40 out of every 100 people who make up the economically active population (PEA) are unemployed: 12 because of lack of working hours and 28 because of low income.
Marta Tosts, Dean of the Faculty of Management and Senior Management, PUCP, warns that the most important point is the increase in unemployed citizens due to lack of income, which is 35.7% different from the pre-pandemic year.
“About a third of the population receives a wage below the minimum wage. This erosion of family income will increase the vulnerability of families to loss of real purchasing power,” he explained to La Repubblica.
The lawyer said that in the face of current rising inflation – which will normalize only in the second half of 2023 – households, especially those with fewer resources to access basic food basket products, will be at a disadvantage and their savings capacity will be low. , The said situation—Continue Tostes—is aggravated by the delay in adjustment of basic remuneration, for which the task of the National Labor Council (CNT) is crucial to take clear decisions in favor of the citizens.
And it is that the average earnings, which is located at S/1,700.30, is still below the S/16.80 pre-pandemic amount, thus marking a 1% decline. However, according to economist Armando Mendoza, the difference in real terms would be up to -20% given inflation.
The first advance for the rise of RMV
The Ministry of Labor and Employment Promotion (MTPE) initiated the dialogue process to institutionalize the Minimum Living Wage (RMV) review mechanism, however the business sector did not attend the conference.
Technical advice was received from the International Labor Organization (ILO). The said offer is preliminary in nature and serves as a basis for receiving contributions from CNT workers and employers’ organizations.